McGill is a census-designated place (CDP) in White Pine County, Nevada, United States. The population is listed at 1,068.
McGill was named for William N. McGill who sold part of his ranch property for the Steptoe Valley Mining and Smelter Company (Nevada Consolidated Copper Company) which led to McGill becoming a company town. The McGill Ranch Post Office was established in 1891.
The smelter and reduction plant was built in McGill during 1906 to 1908 to process copper ore that was mined in Ruth, NV approximately 7 miles west of Ely. After the mill was built the town was briefly known as Smelter.
McGill's peak economic period occurred during the early 1910's, when the town – then a company owned town – employed over 2000 people at the smelter. Like other mining towns, the people left when the smelter shut down in the 1970's.
McGill is located at 39°24′4″N 114°46′44″W? / ?39.40111°N 114.77889°W? / 39.40111; -114.77889 (39.401054, -114.778765). According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,054 people, 448 households, and 305 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 953.9 people per square mile (370.0/km²). There were 599 housing units at an average density of 542.1 per square mile (210.3/km²).
McGill has often been called the "melting pot" of White Pine County. Residents lived in neighborhoods segregated according to their national origin. The racial makeup of McGill was 91.72% White, 2.75% Native American, 2.3% Croatian, 0.19% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.80% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.74% of the population.
There were 448 households out of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.9% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.89. The median income for a household in McGill is $32,039, and the median income for a family is $42,679. For every 100 females there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males.
McGill has remained populated throughout the years and maintains a small business center.
Places of Interest:
- The McGill Swimming Pool (Open from Memorial Day through Labor Day)
- The McGill Drugstore Museum (Complete with working soda fountain)
- Historic McGill Club (Museum of pictures of World War 1 and II veterans from McGill who served.)
- McGill Ball Park (Noted as one of the oldest ball parks in Nevada)